Wednesday, 8 August 2018

Cancer Disparities Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions

Cancer Disparities Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions.

 significant progress has been made in the reduction of cancer incidence and mortality rates. Delay adjusted incidence rates for all low-income, racial, and ethnic groups combined decreased by 0.7% per  year from 1999 to 2007, after stabilizing from 1989 to 1999 and increasing by 1.2% per year from 1975 to 1989. The decline in overall mortality rates accelerated from 1.1% per year from 1993 to 2001 to 1.6% per year from 2001 to 2007 (Jemal et al., 2008). This is real progress. However, very real and widening gaps are masked by these statistics. In fact, cancer mortality rates are falling much faster for some populations than for others. And, in the case of breast cancer and colorectal cancer, the difference in mortality rates between African Americans and Caucasians, rich and poor, is greater now than 25 years ago.There are many reasons why cancer disparities exist. These reasons have been analyzed and described in many books and peer-reviewed publications over the past 25 years. The role that social determinants of health, access to quality care, and culturally relevant health communications materials and delivery methods can play in cancer prevention and optimal cancer health outcomes is understood to a great degree. But where do researchers and practitioners turn for evidence-based interventions that have narrowed the disparities gap in cancer incidence and mortality? Unfortunately, very few scientifc articles, and no book to date, explain these disparities in a language suitable for medical, public health, and social–behavioral scientists, and even fewer publications present concrete interventions that can be used to reduce or eliminate cancer disparities
Cancer Disparities Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions complere boook PDF download. Table of contents are given below. If you like this book then share it with other. Cancer Disparities Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions.

Cancer Disparities Causes and Evidence-Based Solutions.

Part I: Understanding Cancer Disparities:
1. The Biology of Cancer and Its Relationship to Disparities in Cancer Occurrence and Outcomes 
2. Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Incidence, Stage, Survival, and Mortality in the United States
3. Disparities in Cancer Risk Factors and Cancer Screening in the United States
4. Disparities in Cancer Treatment: Factors That Impact Health Equity in Breast, Colon, and Lung Cancer
5. Racial, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Health Disparities Among Cancer Survivors and Informal Caregivers
6. The Geography of Cancer and Its Risk Factors: Implications of Neighborhood Disparities for Cancer Disparities

Part II: Interventions For Elminating Cancer Disparities:
section A: eliminating Disparities in cancer Risk Factors
7. 5-a-Day and Fit-for-Life Badge Programs for Cancer
Prevention in Boy Scouts
8. A Systematic Approach to Developing Contextually, Culturally, and Gender-Sensitive Interventions for African American
Men: The Example of Men 4 Health
9. The North Carolina BEAUTY and Health Project: Preventing Cancer
in African American Beauty Salons
10. Promoting Healthy Eating by Strengthening Family Relations: Design and Implementation of the Entre Familia: Re?ejos de Salud Intervention
section B: eliminating Disparities in cancer screening
11. Racial Disparities in Breast and Cervical Cancer: Can Legislative Action Work?
12. Messengers for Health: Apsáalooke Women Capture the Vision of Wellness
13. Tools for Improving Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates: Multimedia Versus Print in an Underserved Community
14. Partnering With Safety-Net Primary Care Clinics: A Model to Enhance Screening in Low-Income Populations—Principles,Challenges, and Key Lessons

15. Hope and Life: Healthy Families Begin With Healthy Women
section c: eliminating Disparities in cancer treatment and symptom Management
16. A Decision-Support Intervention for Black Women Eligible for Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Sisters Informing Sisters about Breast Cancer Treatment—An Intervention to Reduce
Treatment Disparities
17. Prostate Cancer Patient Education Project (PCPEP): Prostate Cancer Symptom Management in Low-Literacy Men
18. Automated Pain Intervention for Underserved African American and Latina Women With Breast Cancer
section D: eliminating Disparities in Quality of Life Among cancer survivors
19. Psycho-Educational and Psycho-Spiritual Interventions for Low-Income Cancer Patients: Results of Randomized and Patient Preference Trials on Adherence and Quality-of-Life Outcomes
20. Psycho-Educational Intervention Among Underserved Cervical Cancer Survivors
21. Sexual Minority Women With a History of Breast Cancer: Moving Toward Interventions

Part III: Lesson For the Future
22. Paths for the Future: Using What We’ve Learned to Eliminate Cancer Disparities

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